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How Is A Cv Different Than A Resume

What To Include On A Cv

CV or Resume – What is the difference

Typically, youll include your career history as well as your education, awards, special honors, grants or scholarships, research or academic projects, and publications on your CV. You might also include professional references, coursework, fieldwork, descriptions of dissertations and a personal profile that lists your relevant skills and attributes.

Related: Curriculum Vitae Format Guide: Examples and Tips

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What Is The Difference Between A Resume And A Cv What Do They Typically Include

Lets start with a quick overview of resumes, since they are more familiar to most American writers than CVs. A typical resume is a general and concise introduction of your experiences and skills as they relate to a particular career or position that you are aiming to acquire. As such, a resume may have to be altered for each position that you are applying for so as to emphasize those skills and experiences most relevant to the work. Resumes are usually no more than one page in length. They are often accompanied by cover letters, which provide a permanent written record of the transmittal of the resume .

A typical resume will include the following information:

  • Name and Contact Information: your residential address might be most appropriate, especially if you do not want your current employer to know that you are looking for another job!
  • Education: a listing of your degrees or certifications and educational institutions or programs.
  • Work Experience: names of the companies or organizations that you have worked for, the location of each company, the dates worked, your job title, and duties performed.

A typical CV will include the following information:

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Does A Cv Require A Cover Letter

This style of a cover letter may be different from the cover letter on a job search for a Project Manager position, for example. A traditional cover letter may display career achievements and advancing a specific skill set that makes them experienced in that specific job or position. A cover letter accompanied by a curriculum vitae may speak about specific research studies, published works, memberships, and other qualifying factors in academia.

And while an older study in 2016 by Jobvite indicates that roughly 50% of all hiring managers don’t read cover letters. A cover letter is still important to some prospective employers. When the hiring manager reads the letter, it allows the author to formally introduce themselves. And bring attention to each qualification required to excel in the position. The hiring manager shows them the candidate has done their research about the company, role, and expectations of the job.

Still Not Sure Which One To Go With

Resume &  CV Different Type

If you are still not sure which one to go with, have a look at the job profile & answer these questions.

  • Does the job ask for a specialised skill?
  • Does the job require multiple skills? Or is it focused on a few special skills?
  • Is the job role in a management position? Most management positions require a CV.

If the document is not mentioned in the job description, one solution is to contact the recruiter for more information on the required document. If that is not possible, go with the resume.

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When Should You Use A Cv

In the USA, CVs are generally used by academics, scientists, medical experts and other specialist professionals. They are highly detailed and usually run over four pages, covering personal achievements, awards, publications, honours, affiliations and memberships.

On the other hand, in the UK, Ireland, Europe and New Zealand, CVs are used more broadly by people at any stage of their careers, whether theyre applying for an entry-level position or higher position. CVs are typically one to two pages long and tailored to the specific job youre applying for, ensuring that your experience and skills matches the requirements outlined in the job description.

Frequently Asked Questions About Cvs And Resumes

Many jobs outside the United States require applicants to submit an international CV. On your CV, you may need to provide information like your marital status, language skills, health status, passport number, date of birth, and nationality. An international CV also goes into much greater detail than a resume.

The typical CV runs about 2-3 pages, which is a key difference between a CV and resume. While resumes should be concise, CVs provide greater detail. If you have a lot of experience, your CV may run longer than three pages.

Many graduate programs require applicants to submit a CV. Even if you apply to a program without this requirement, you may be able to provide your CV as supplemental material for your application. Writing a CV can prepare you to apply for scholarships and jobs at your college or university.

A strong CV can give you credibility with committees that make decisions about awarding fellowships and grants at the graduate school level. Demonstrating your skills and experience can convince these committees that you will implement grant projects successfully and excel in fellowships. is an advertising-supported site. Featured or trusted partner programs and all school search, finder, or match results are for schools that compensate us. This compensation does not influence our school rankings, resource guides, or other editorially-independent information published on this site.

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Resume Is A Safer Bet

If you are still not sure which one to go with, resume is a better bet as it showcases your skills in the best light. Also, because of its crisp nature, it is easier for the recruiter to go through it. A CV makes for a much longer document, which can put off some recruiters. So better to err on the side of caution and go with a resume just to be safe.

Remarkable Difference Between Cv And Resume

Resume vs CV – What’s the Difference?

What is the difference between CV and resume?

These two documents are essential when it comes to the application of jobs and they tend to represent an individual.

However, these documents have some close similarities and slight differences such as Americans use a resume, Brit uses CV and Aussie use both.

The article provides the core difference between CV and resumes in tabular form for easier comprehension. Take time to read through and note the differences.

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The Resume/cv Distinction Around The World

The resume/CV meaning may seem clear, but the definitions don’t always transfer internationally. Before you start sending your resume or a CV to employers in other countries, make sure you’re sending the correct document.

And if you want to apply to jobs in multiple countries, consider the definitions in each place. That way, your application will meet the requirements.

Static Versus Dynamic Content

A resume should always be customized to the requirements of the job. The intention with a resume is to provide a snapshot of how your skills and experiences align with the employers needs. You need to be selective about content, which could mean omitting outdated work experiences or skills descriptions. Very rarely will you use the same resume to apply for two different positions.

Meanwhile, the contents of a CV are more static. Rather than altering the contents based on the position being applied for, your CV should evolve whenever you have a new experience or accomplishments to add. When applying for a job with a CV, you rely on your cover letter to highlight qualifications that are relevant to the position.

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A Resume Can Follow Any Of These Three Formats

  • Chronological: The details are listed out in sequence as they happened.
  • Functional: The skills required for the job specification are highlighted at the top.
  • Combinational: Skills with highest proficiency are followed by a combination of the above two formats.

Now that the basic differences are clear, let us look at what data to put in both of them. The differences can be tricky to understand, after all, they share a lot of similarities at their core.

Contents of a CV
Professional Memberships

Since organisations can ask for any of these documents depending on the position/job role they have the opening for, lets take a couple of examples to understand more.

When And Where To Use A Resume

CV vs Resume

Again, your first step should be to look at the job posting to see if the employer is asking for a resume or CV. However, if you are applying for a job in North America, its more likely that the employer will want you to submit a resume. Of course, it is quite possible that you will also be asked for a resume in Europe, especially if you are applying with a multi-national.

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The Difference Between A Cv And A Resume

What is a CV? Is it just another word for a resume or is it something else entirely?

In non-academic environments, the terms CV and resume are used almost interchangeably to refer to the same type of document. However, there are several differences between an academic CV and a resume, including the information they contain, how theyre organized, and when theyre used.


You will be asked to submit a CV when applying for academic jobs, grants, and fellowships. If you are applying for a job outside of the academic sector, you will be expected to submit a resume.


A CV provides the reader with your full professional and educational history that includes every job, award, publication, successful grant application, and conference presentation from your career. A resume, on the other hand, shows the hiring committee how you are qualified for their job. A resume does not list every job youve ever had, but rather includes only recent work experience that is relevant for the position youre applying for.


CVs have a minimalist style and no design elements. The content is organized by section headings. When it comes to a resume, style and content are important. A resume should look nice and have more white space than a CV. The content of a resume is organized by section headings and then bullet points, which rarely appear on CVs.





When Should You Use A Cv Or A Resume

As mentioned above, there is no clear distinction between CVs and resumes in Australia. Therefore, you can submit either document when applying for jobs. However, in some other countries, you may need to provide one or the other rather than choosing which one yourself.

If you need to figure which document to submit, you should ask yourself the following questions:

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Cv Vs Resume: Key Differences And When To Use Which

  • CV vs. Resume: Key Differences and When to Use Which
  • Whether you’re in school or looking to get a new job, you need the right job application documents. If you haven’t already, you should compare a CV vs. a resume. While both can be useful, you may need one over the other.

    What is a CV or resume? Both are documents that cover your education and work experience. Using one can help you get a job in your field or obtain a higher degree.

    Read on to learn the differences between them and which one you should use.

    Do I Have To Use A Cv Or A Rsum

    What’s the difference between a CV and a resume?

    CVs are used everywhere in the world including the UK, New Zealand, Asia and the European Union.

    Résumés are used in the United States, Australia and Canada.

    In the US, a CV is explicitly used as an academic document while the words CV and Résumé are used interchangeably everywhere else .

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    Resume Vs Curriculum Vitae: Differences Definitions And Tips

    While reading job postings, you may have noticed some employers ask for a resume, others ask for a curriculum vitae commonly referred to as a CV and a few may ask for a resume/cv. While both resumes and CVs are used in job applications , these two documents have a few distinct differences.

    In this article, we discuss the differences between a CV and a resume, what to include in each one and when to use one versus the other. This will help you ensure youve prepared the right document for your job applications.

    Seek And Evaluate Examples

    Many professors and professionals have posted their CVs and resumes to online faculty web pages, bulletin boards, and employee profile pages on corporate websites. These documents, often posted as Adobe PDF files, are useful templates for designing your own CV or resume. It is best to search for a CV or resume of an individual who shares your field, discipline, or interests, as it will provide you with a model that most closely approximates what your final document might look like.

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    Fonts And Font Sizes: Go With The Flow

    It is a good idea to stick to commonly used fonts such as Times New Roman or Arial when creating a resume or CV. Fonts such as Bauhaus or Old English Text might have their place in other writing projects, but these might distract the reader and pull their attention away from the content you want them to read. Perhaps with the exception of your name, the use of a uniform font size throughout the document will also keep the reader focused on your accomplishments.

    Cv Differences Between Countries

    The 4 Basic Types of Resumes and When to Use Them

    CV vs Résumé lengthA European CV is generally 2 to 3 pages where the American résumé is almost always a single page

    PicturesIn the US, AUS and UK, it is absolutely expected NOT to include a picture .

    Also, your origin and age are not desired because of discrimination laws in those countries.

    In most European countries, a picture is common though not required.

    Always use a professional photo of your face only. You would be surprised how often I see holiday pictures in CVs!

    In Germany, France and many Asian countries it is generally expected to include a picture.

    Personal informationIn the US and UK, the date of birth and marital status should never be included on a CV.

    Moreover, Australia and the US have strict privacy laws that make personal information needless.

    Sharing any type of personal information is often considered as unprofessional. The employer has no legal right to know your age .

    An exception to this rule might be with gender-neutral names , a simple Mr. or Ms. before the name may give clarity, though this is always optional.

    In Europe and Asia, personal information like Marital status, nationality, gender and date of birth are more common but not required.

    In South Africa, it is even required to mention your ID number and ethnicity .

    EducationA European CV often contains secondary school information where this is withheld in the US.

    A résumé in the United States…Show yourself as a product the résumé is your personal advertisement.

    A CV in Germany…

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    What Is A Cover Letter

    A cover letter is a detailed document that shows hiring managers your desire for a particular job. It is an opportunity to demonstrate more of your personality than you can on your resume. Throughout the letter, you can discuss specific items listed in the job description and how your skills and experience match those requirements.

    Cover letters are often optional, so sending one with your resume can show your eagerness to get the job. Including a cover letter when a company doesnt require one lets your future employer know that you aim to exceed their expectations, which could make you a more desirable candidate. An exception to this is if the application specifically notes not to include a cover letter, in which case you should follow the employers directions.

    Make sure to include these items in your cover letter:

    The Differences Between A Resume And A Cv

    The differences between a resume and a CV include the documents length, contents and purpose. You should also consider which region of the world youre applying in and your career path when deciding which is more appropriate to use.

    Most notably, in the US a resume should be a concise and curated collection of your professional experience, skills and qualifications that are strictly relevant to the job youre applying for. In contrast, a CV presents an in-depth history of your professional and academic credentials and accomplishments. Some of their main differences include the following:

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    Differences Between Cv And Resume At A Glance

    At first glance, it might appear that CV and resume are almost the same but the devil is in the details.

    Maximum up to 2 pages
    Focus Focus is on professional skills
    Contact details Multiple ways to contact you can be mentioned Mainly phone number & email is sufficient
    Work details Mentions designation, duration, & firm mainly
    Cover letter Multiple ways to contact you can be mentioned Mainly phone number & email is sufficient
    Skills Skills with highest proficiency are prioritised

    Whats The Difference Between A Cv And A Rsum

    Difference between Resume and CV
    • Content Manager and Career Expert

    Have you ever wondered why Europeans apply for a job with a CV and Americans use a résumé? You probably thought it was just a play on words, that theyre both the same thing, right?

    I get it: differentiating between a CV and résumé can be confusing. But thats why were here!

    In this article, well show you the main differences between a CV and résumé, explain when each should be used and even give you a couple of samples to get a better idea on how to write each.

    But, first, lets start with the basics

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