How To Write References On A Resume
Product and service reviews are conducted independently by our editorial team, but we sometimes make money when you click on links. Does your resume have any of these? But for the experts’ best advice, howstuffworks knows best how to write a resume that’ll land an interview. A resume is your introduction and. This article will highlight the importance of each of these sections, and.
Should You Include A Reference Section On Your Resume
Some employers may ask you to submit references as part of your resume while others may ask for a reference list after the interview or in the final stages of the hiring process. However, offering a list of references with your resume is generally not the best policy.
If a job posting does not request references, you should not include them on your resume or with your job application. It has become more common in recent years for companies not to provide references for former employees as a way to avoid potential lawsuits, so more and more employers do not ask for them.
Also, resume experts agree that a general rule of thumb is not to add any references due to space and time issues. Generally, you will want to keep your resume as short as possible, and adding references that an employer probably won’t use is wasting space that could be used for more important information.
The recruiter reading your resume also generally does not have a lot of time and will probably not reach out to your references unless you are short-listed for the job. This is usually why prospective employers do not ask for references until after the interview period.
However, in some job postings, recruiters will request references or testimonials in your resume or as part of your job application and, if so, you should follow the instructions exactly. If references are not explicitly requested here, you may be asked after your interview to submit a reference list.
When To Include References On A Resume
Every word on your resume should be packed with value. Typically, you have one to two pages to explain why youre qualified and well-positioned for the job, and hiring managers only have a short time to read it.
Because references are not always a part of the interview process, you are taking up limited resume space to provide what may end up being irrelevant to employers in this phase. Even including the phrase references upon request on your resume can be unimportant. If their interview process includes references, employers will ask you to provide them.
There are a few rare scenarios in which including references on your resume may be acceptable. If you are in an industry that accepts case studies or testimonials on the resume, it may be appropriate to include the person and contact information for which these apply.
Additionally, it is acceptable to include references if the job description not only requires you to include references but explicitly states that they should be included directly on your resume. If not, you should include your reference list in a separate document.
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What Is A Reference Letter
A reference letter is a positive endorsement of a person’s skills and attributes, written by someone familiar with their work, character, and accomplishments. Reference letters are needed when applying for jobs, internships, volunteer positions, colleges, and graduate school programs.
The reference letter explains why the reader should select a candidate, and what qualifies them for the opportunity for which they’re applying. Letters may be requested by the organization that is considering the individual for employment or acceptance at an institution, or they may be offered by the job seeker or applicant.
How To Ask For A Reference
Asking for professional references can be a bit nerve-wrecking, especially if your references are busy people.
The key to asking for references is to be polite and concise in your request. A direct phone call is preferred for asking for references, but a quick email can work in a pinch as well.
When asking someone to serve as a reference for you, it is important to be considerate of their potentially busy schedule and give them a good time frame for when to expect a call or email.
This is another reason why it is important to wait to provide references until requested, as it will give you a narrower window of time to give to your references of when they will need to be on the lookout a hiring manager to contact them.
Quick Tip: When you call or email to ask for a reference, this is a great time to confirm that the information you have is correct .
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Check Out These Writing Tips To Create A Great Resume Including What To Avoid
To ease this process, this article shares inside information on effective objective statements that will result in more interviews (with video and written. Does your resume have any of these? This article will highlight the importance of each of these sections, and. Product and service reviews are conducted independently by our editorial team, but we sometimes make money when you click on links. Writing a meaningful objective for a resume can delay the completion of the document. This article will provide you with some tips to help alleviate the anxiety that comes with writing your cv and some tricks to he. There is a lot riding on this first impression with up to 90% of cvs being rejected by recruiters. If you already have the program installed on your computer, it’s a free way to get a resume. Shay banks left her teaching career and entered into two no. Discover how to write the perfect resume with data analyzed keywords and characteristics from top employers. There are many tips on how to write a resume. What to look out for, what structure to use, and what common mistakes to avoid when writing a professional resume. A resume is your introduction and.
Reference Page On A Resume
This leads us to the question: should you include a separate page specifically dedicated to references? You might have deduced from the previous chapters that the answer is: no, at least in most cases.
In North America, the golden standard is a 1-page resume and the only exceptions come into play when an employer specifically requests something more. In the UK and some other countries, however, 2-page resumes are more common. This does not automatically mean that your 2nd page should be a dedicated reference page.
The same rules apply: only provide what is asked for and what is traditionally expected. Dedicated reference pages usually arent required, so youre better off using the 2nd page of your UK resume not as a reference page, but as additional real estate for job accomplishments, certifications and all the other good stuff that will make you look like a superhero employee.
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Create A Separate Reference List Document
If you are prompted to send references, create a separate reference list document to send with your . Format the document similarly to your resume , but keep it simple with key contact information for your references. Again, refer to the job description for any key information the employer is asking you to include. In general, these are the details they may ask for:
- Full Name
- A summary of your relationship to this person.
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How To Write A Reference Letter
Ellen Lindner / The Balance
At some point in your career, youll probably be asked to provide a letter of reference for an employee, a friend, or someone you’ve worked with. When the time comes, it will be important to know how to write an effective letter of recommendation .
Your support may make all the difference. A good recommendation letter can help your contact achieve their dreams a bad one is worse than no recommendation at all.
How To Include References In Your Cv:
When writing references, it is important to keep in mind that you are writing for people who have not met you. This means that your reference should be in a formal and polite tone. You should write it in the third person and use a positive, but professional tone.
References should be brief and clear. For example, an effective way of including them would be to write on the back of your CV: References available upon request. This way, your references are available, but the employer is not required to go through them before deciding to call you in for an interview.
One of the most difficult things about making references is that every professionals needs are different. A reference writer needs to be skilled in taking a persons skills and achievements and being able to put them into words that an employer will appreciate reading. For example, one very talented individual may have minimal experience on paper, whereas another could have a great experience with little information or skill.
Here are several specific individuals who would make good references for your CV:
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How Many References Should I Include On My Resume
None would be best. But if youre going to do it anyway, three is ideal, two is too few and four is too many. So lets just say three. It all depends on the employers request and the seriousness of the position youre applying for. The rule of thumb is: think long and hard on whether you want to include references on a resume and how many to include, based on your personal circumstances.
Rather Than Putting References On Your Resume Type Them Up On A Separate Sheet Of Paper
Include the person’s first name and last name, current title and company name, email address, and phone number. Be sure to check with each of your references ahead of time to confirm that the person is willing to be your reference and to verify which phone number and email address they’d like you to share with employers.
It’s also helpful to add a line that explains to the reader how you’ve come to know this reference. For example, it could be as simple as mentioning that you worked together in Company XYZ’s marketing department from July 2015 to November 2017 or that another reference was your direct supervisor at ABC Institute between 2018 and 2019. You don’t have to write a paragraph explaining your relationship to a reference, but it’s nice to provide the employer with a little context.
When you type up your references, considering using the same header information and font style that was used for your resume so that the documents appear to be part of one overall package, even if they’re not attached to one another.
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Resume Reference Page Example
Check out this properly formatted resume references example to see what a references list looks like in practice:
Note that in this example, the candidate matches the style of her reference page to her resume design.
If you need to include a list of references with your resume, be sure to match the formatting to the rest of your application.
When To Include References
Some job listings include instructions for applicants toinclude references when sending their application. If thats the case, youshould follow their instructions.
In most cases though, references shouldnt be included inyour resume because employers wont need them until theyve narrowed down theselection to two or three candidates. So, youre better off using the extraspace to highlight job-related skills and achievements, as these will be more usefulcompared to a bunch of names and numbers at the preliminary stage of theapplication.
For most readers, this should answer your question on whenits acceptable to include references in a resume. But if youre still notsureor convincedon what course of action to take, below is a list of pros andcons on including references so you can decide for yourself.
Pros of including resumereferences
- A reference from a well-knowncompany or manager in your industry may look impressive to potential employers.
- Providing references upfront shows employers that youre confident of getting a positive recommendation fromyour previous colleagues and managers.
- It gives employers an idea of whoyou were accountable to, which is important for senior and executive levelroles, as this allows them to check whether your previous organizations corporatestructure is similar to theirs.
Disadvantagesof including references on your resume
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How To Request References
All right, so youve got your list of potential references, but youre not done yet! Contact these people to make sure they know youre planning on using them as a reference. This is also your way of checking that the contact information you have is correct and up-to-date.
Not only is it polite to reach out to your references before including their names on your list, but it has the added advantage of giving them time to prepare. That means when they get a phone call or email from your prospective employer, theyll be ready with the best examples of your professional excellence.
Depending on how distant your working relationship with the potential reference is, consider sending them a copy of your resume, so they can brush up on what experiences and qualities youre trying to highlight.
If theyre really invested in your success, consider sending the job description as well. The more information your reference has, the better chance they have to provide you with a top-quality recommendation.
Always follow up with references who agree to be on your list by sending a thank-you email. Its not just about being nice it also serves as a reminder that they should expect a call or email from your prospective employer soon.
Should I Have Personal Or Professional References On My Resume
A professional reference attests to your professionalism and past achievements. As a rule of thumb, most hiring managers would prefer to receive a set of professional references or letters of recommendation since an attestation from a professional contact provides more insight into the applicants core competencies and workplace behaviors. This is why it is generally better to use professional references on your resume.
However, you may use personal references if you dont have enough work experience or want a reference to validate your character and work ethic. Personal references are perfectly acceptable for students, entry-level workers, volunteers, or professionals in the service industry.
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What About Using References Upon Request On A Resume
This is the equivalent to writing Im available for interview, upon request or Ill wake up out of bed an hour early to get to the interview, upon request.
To us, theres just no point writing this on your resume, the employer is usually fully aware they can request references from you if needed. Save the space on your resume, highlight your great qualities instead and be prepared to provide references when and if an employer requests them.
Under Your Individual Experiences
There are other ways you can write your reference on your resume. Consider placing your reference contact details under each job position instead. By doing this, you can save valuable space on your resume, as you wont need a new References section. It also helps the Hiring Manager who is reading your resume to easily connect each reference to the company they are listed under.
Hiring managers tend to skim resumes quickly on the first round. Placing the reference information strategically can increase your chance at an interview.
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When To Send A Reference Page With A Job Application
When sending a resume and cover letter to apply for a job, its often not necessary, or even desirable, to send a reference page at the same time. Wait to provide references until the employer requests them.
Since including a reference list is no longer standard practice, doing so might peg you as an older job seeker. You might also accidentally include someone as a reference who isnt respected by the employer to whom you are applying.
Typically, companies check references near the end of the application process, so unless specifically requested, you shouldnt initially include your reference list with your application materials.
To Ease This Process This Article Shares Inside Information On Effective Objective Statements That Will Result In More Interviews With Video And Written
Does your resume have any of these? What is the importance of resume writing?. A resume is your introduction and. This article will highlight the importance of each of these sections, and. To ease this process, this article shares inside information on effective objective statements that will result in more interviews (with video and written.
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Determine How Many References To Include
The number of references you list depends on your career level. For example, if youre entering the job market for the first time, you may only need to list three references. However, if youre applying for a more senior role, you will want to consider a longer reference list with contacts from different points in your professional history. Often, employers will provide instruction on how many references theyd like to hear fromin this case, follow any guidance youre given during the hiring process.
Keep in mind that the recruiter may not contact all references on your list. In some cases, they may only call one or two. But having a selection of different types of references ensures they have plenty to choose from if one of your references is unavailable.