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What Is A Cv Or Resume

When To Use A Cv For A Job Application

Difference Between CV and RESUME Explained / CV vs Resume Interview Skills

A curriculum vitae is used in the United States when applying for academic positions in four-year institutions or post-secondary employers. A curriculum vitae should not be used when applying for academic positions in community colleges. Furthermore, a curriculum vitae is frequently used when job seekers apply for research-intensive positions in a university.

Tip: It is a common mistake to use a curriculum vitae when writing a resume with no prior work experience. The correct method to replace a lack of employment history is with soft skills and hard skills. And using a combination resume format or sometimes referred to as a hybrid resume format.

In short, a curriculum vitae is for medical professionals and academics. In the medical field, it is for those who hold a doctorate or graduate school, applying for a Ph.D. Higher education institutions evaluate a potential candidate or professional by where and what has been published. These are usually research studies. These published studies display expertise in their field.

There are similarities between the academic and medical fields regarding the use of a curriculum vitae. For example, in a research assistant position . The job seeker would use a curriculum vitae and cover letter to display their complete academic history. Using achievements in their field of study rather than work history.

Job titles that would require a curriculum vitae would include:

  • Postdoctoral Researcher
  • Receptionist

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Learn how to open file or convert one to another file format.

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Research The Institution Or Employer Ahead Of Time

Before writing a CV or resume, it’s vital to research the employer and understand as much about them as possible. This includes their work culture, ethics, values, objectives, and any other key insights that might be obtained through public information. Having these key insights can be useful to reference when writing a resume or CV.

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Whats Inside A Resume

A resume contains the following sections as part of the format:

  • Contact information or resume header. This includes the name, email address, and phone number of the professional.
  • Career objective. A summary of professional accomplishments at previous places of employment.
  • Education. A list of academic qualifications and degrees .
  • Relevant experience. A list of previous positions that display skills and expertise. Often related to the job title.

Optional sections include:

  • Community involvement. Relevant volunteer work, community service, or other.

When To Use A Resume Or Cv


Job descriptions will typically specify whether a resume or CV is appropriate for submission. If not, there are a few factors that can help determine which document is best for the job.


The use of resumes and CVs is primarily regional. Resumes are most commonly used in the U.S. and Canada . CVs are typically used internationally, particularly across Europe.

Type of Job

Even in the U.S. and Canada, there are certain professions that do require a CV in place of a resume. For example, a CV is usually used in academia by PhD candidates, university teaching applicants, and in some post-graduate application scenarios. The main use of a CV in academia is to include publication information. CVs are also common in clinical medical professions. In those cases, research and education sections are highlighted.

On the flipside, a resume will rarely be required in regions where CVs are preferred. However, if you live in the UK or Europe and are applying for a job in the U.S. or Canada, you will likely need a resume.

Because a resume and a CV serve different purposes, job seekers should consider having drafts of both written and ready to use. A CV can serve as a master resume or career management document.

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What Is A Cv

A CV is a detailed and comprehensive document which describes the course of your academic and professional accomplishments. Its usually formatted in chronological order and starts with your educational experience. While there is no length requirement on a CV, most range from three to ten pages though some might be even longer. Generally, the more experience you have, the longer your CV will be.

1. Name and contact information2. Summary7. Publications

Resume Is A Safer Bet

If you are still not sure which one to go with, resume is a better bet as it showcases your skills in the best light. Also, because of its crisp nature, it is easier for the recruiter to go through it. A CV makes for a much longer document, which can put off some recruiters. So better to err on the side of caution and go with a resume just to be safe.

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What To Include On A Resume

A resume typically includes a professional or summary statement, dedicated skills section and condensed description of your recent and relevant professional achievements listed in reverse-chronological order, starting with your most current job.

You may also choose to share your education experience, relevant professional associations youre a part of or volunteer work. If you have little or no professional work experience, you might list relevant internships, apprenticeships, volunteer work or personal projects instead.

To upload the template into Google Docs, go to File > Open > and select the correct downloaded file.

How To Create A Curriculum Vitae

CV vs Resume: What is the Difference and Why You Need Both?

Once you’ve determined that a CV is appropriate for your upcoming application, it’s time to create one. Don’t be intimidated — once you understand the layout of a typical CV, you’ll be surprised by how easy they are to write.

Your CV should include some of these achievements:

  • Presentations or seminars
  • Publications
  • Academic credentials

A curriculum vitae should be highly-detailed. Try writing your achievements in chronological order to effectively show your educational progression.

There are no specific limits or requirements on the length of your CV. However long it takes to list your academic experience and accomplishments is the right length for your individual CV.

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Curriculum Vitae Vs Resume

A curriculum vitae, or CV, highlights your academic achievements and credentials. CVs are generally longer than a resume but can vary, depending on your level of education and number of degrees.

CVs offer a complete background of your educational career and are often used when applying to colleges or other academic institutes.

A resume, on the other hand, is much shorter and designed to showcase your qualifications for a specific job. Resumes should be concise and present the information in a clear and direct way. They’re meant to catch the attention of prospective employers.

Knowing when to use a curriculum vitae vs resume is all about knowing your audience. What type of position are you applying for and what does the interviewer need to know about you?

Asking these questions will help you make the right choice and land the position you’re after.

What Is A Curriculum Vitae

A curriculum vitae provides a summary of your experience and skills. Typically, CVs for entry-level candidates are longer than resumesat least two or three pages. CVs for mid-level candidates who have amassed numerous publications tend to run much longer.

CVs include extensive information on your academic background, including teaching experience, degrees, research, awards, publications, presentations, and other achievements.

CVs are lengthier than resumes and include more information, particularly details related to ones academic and research background.

A curriculum vitae summary is a one-to-two-page, condensed version of a full curriculum vitae. A CV summary is a way to quickly and concisely convey ones skills and qualifications. Sometimes large organizations will initially ask for a one-page CV summary when they expect a large pool of applicants.

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What Else Do You Need To Know

Whether you choose to write a CV or résumé, here are some general writing tips weve compiled to help you stand apart from the competition:

  • Tailor it to the job: Make sure you highlight your most valuable skills and experience to the position youre applying for. If youre still struggling, consider using a professional writing service.
  • Include keywords: Check the job description for keywords and incorporate these into your document remember: applicant tracking systems are designed to filter out applications that dont match the ad.
  • Use a simple layout: CVs and résumés that arent easy on the eye typically wind up in the bin, so make sure your document is clearly structured and easy-to-read. You could even use a ready template to help you out.
  • Use the right format: For example, if youre a graphic designer, considering using a skills-based or infographic CV/résumé. Similarly, if youre a web developer, consider a video application. If you need help, consider using a free CV builder.
  • Proofread: Always check and double-check your documents for grammar and spelling mistakes.

Include Relevant Publications And Presentations

Resume &  CV Different Type

Include relevant citations of presentations, papers, studies, books or other publications important to your professional history. For publications, include authors, date published, summary, volume, page and DOI number. For presentations, include the title, date and location of presentation.

For example:

Gonzaga, Joseph. The Business of Affordable Housing.” Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press

Peer-Reviewed Journals

Gonzaga, Joseph. The Case for Building a Life on Mars. International Journal of Astrobiology, vol. 36, no. 2, 2018, pp. 101-108.

Gonzaga, Joseph. How affordable is affordable housing? European Journal of Housing Policy and Debate, 2017.

Conference Presentations

2020. Gonzaga, Joseph. Building in the Valley. Hispanic History Association Annual Conference, Los Angeles, CA

2019. Gonzaga, Joseph. The Future of the Projects: Building a Home, Not Just a Project.Housing and Urban Development Annual Conference, Chicago, IL.

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Curriculum Vitae Vs Resume: Format And Content

The CV presents a full history of your academic credentials, so the length of the document is variable. In contrast, a resume presents a concise picture of your skills and qualifications for a specific position, so length tends to be shorter and dictated by years of experience .

CVs are used by individuals seeking fellowships, grants, postdoctoral positions, and teaching/research positions in postsecondary institutions or high-level research positions in industry. Graduate school applications typically request a CV, but in general are looking for a resume that includes any publications and descriptions of research projects.

In many European countries, CV is used to describe all job application documents, including a resume. In the United States and Canada, CV and resume are sometimes used interchangeably. If you are not sure which kind of document to submit, it is best to ask for clarification.

How Is A Cv Formatted

When formatting the document, a CV should have the same header and font as your resume and cover letter to provide a seamless, coordinated display.

A CV does not require an introduction or objective, but one can be included. A personal statement is tempting, but itâs unlikely a hiring manager will read it and any personal sentiments will already be addressed in your cover letter. Outline career ambitions and interest in the specific role you are applying for instead.

Following the intro, a CV will list education in reverse chronological order. After that, you should describe achievements according to importance. As the Purdue Owl Writing Lab says, âRemember that the earlier in your document a particular block of information comes, the more emphasis you will be placing on that block of information.â

Most CVs include the following elements:

  • Contact information
  • Volunteer work

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What Is The Difference Between A Resume And A Cv What Do They Typically Include

Lets start with a quick overview of resumes, since they are more familiar to most American writers than CVs. A typical resume is a general and concise introduction of your experiences and skills as they relate to a particular career or position that you are aiming to acquire. As such, a resume may have to be altered for each position that you are applying for so as to emphasize those skills and experiences most relevant to the work. Resumes are usually no more than one page in length. They are often accompanied by cover letters, which provide a permanent written record of the transmittal of the resume .

A typical resume will include the following information:

  • Name and Contact Information: your residential address might be most appropriate, especially if you do not want your current employer to know that you are looking for another job!
  • Education: a listing of your degrees or certifications and educational institutions or programs.
  • Work Experience: names of the companies or organizations that you have worked for, the location of each company, the dates worked, your job title, and duties performed.

A typical CV will include the following information:

The Differences Between A Resume And A Cv

Resume vs CV – What’s the Difference?

The differences between a resume and a CV include the documents length, contents and purpose. You should also consider which region of the world youre applying in and your career path when deciding which is more appropriate to use.

Most notably, in the US a resume should be a concise and curated collection of your professional experience, skills and qualifications that are strictly relevant to the job youre applying for. In contrast, a CV presents an in-depth history of your professional and academic credentials and accomplishments. Some of their main differences include the following:

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Why Resumes Are Important For Job Seekers

Your resume, along with a cover letter, is an essential part of the hiring process, and is a base requirement to be considered for a position.

A good resume is the first part of your application any hiring manager will see, so its important that it conveys your qualifications accurately and convincingly.

Your resume should offer employers a digestible overview of your relevant skills, employment history, education background, and accomplishments. Based on this information, they can make an informed decision about whether or not they want to interview or hire you.

But writing a resume from scratch can be time-consuming. To simplify the process, try using our online resume builder. Just type in your information and our software will help you assemble a perfectly formatted resume that is sure to impress any hiring manager.

What Is The Difference Between A Resume And A Cv

During the job search process, you are likely to come across the terms CV and resume. Although Australians use these terms interchangeably, in many other countries, they are different and have distinct characteristics that set them apart. Although there is no distinction between the two in Australia, it is still important you understand their general differences. In this article, we explore the different attributes of CVs and resumes and explain how to make sure that you send the right document when you apply for jobs.

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Ok Anyone Besides Academics

Youre right, theyre not the only ones who choose the long document over a resume. The website Undercover Recruiter explains that U.S. and Canadian residents need a CV if theyre applying to work abroad, specifically in the U.K., Ireland, and New Zealand. In these countries, a CV is used in all contexts and resumes arent used at all. Moreover, The CV prevails in mainland Europe and there is even a European Union CV format available for download, a super helpful template if youre confused about how to build one.

Which Is Better Cv Or Resume

Curriculum vitae definition english

This frequently asked question Which is better, CV or resume? arises primarily because job seekers dont understand these are usually just different words for the same thing.

But if the question is whether its better to submit a short, normal resume/CV vs. a long-form academic CV, it depends entirely on your field. If your field is academia, or certain scientific or medical specialties, the recipient may be expecting a lengthy academic CV. But for the vast majority of jobs, a short, ordinary resume/CV is all you need.

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What Is A Cv Curriculum Vitae Writing Tips And Example

Like a resume, a CV is often an employers first impression of your professional and academic credentials, so its important to structure it in a way that best showcases your accomplishments and experience. Certain jobs in academia or medicine might require a CV instead of a resume, and it can also open doors for grant applications, fellowships and jobs outside the U.S.

In this article, we offer a complete guide to writing a powerful CV that will help you stand out to employers, along with easy-to-follow examples.


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